Latin Name: Pinus halepensis
Known Hazards: The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people.
Habitat: Rocky places and hills by the sea.
Edibility Rating: 2 (1-5)
Medicinal Rating: 2 (1-5)
Physical Characteristics: Aleppo pine is a spreading evergreen tree up to 20m tall with silvery grey bark. The relatively short trunk forms many branches. Abundant woody cones release large numbers of windblown seeds which may spread long distances.
Flowers: In terminal head. Flowers green, white to pink; seldom seen. Flowers summer but mostly the flowerhead is composed of vegetative small bulbs (bulbils).The flowers are hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
A resin from the trunk is used for chewing and for flavouring wine. A vanillin flavouring is obtained as a by-product of other resins that are released from the pulpwood.
The turpentine obtained from the resin of all pine trees is antiseptic, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge. It is a valuable remedy used internally in the treatment of kidney and bladder complaints and is used both internally and as a rub and steam bath in the treatment of rheumatic affections. It is also very beneficial to the respiratory system and so is useful in treating diseases of the mucous membranes and respiratory complaints such as coughs, colds, influenza and TB. Externally it is a very beneficial treatment for a variety of skin complaints, wounds, sores, burns, boils etc and is used in the form of liniment plasters, poultices, herbal steam baths and inhalers.
Dye; Herbicide; Resin; Shelterbelt; Soil stabilization; Tannin; Wood. A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles. The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat. A fairly wind-tolerant tree, it can be used in shelterbelt plantings. ‘Greek turpentine’ is obtained from the stems.Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile. The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood. In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields. Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin and is separated by distillation. Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc. Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc. Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Trees have an extensive root system and they are planted on sand dunes in order to stabilize them. Wood – of mediocre quality. Used for rough construction. A tannin is obtained from the bark.
Notes: Aleppo pine is the tree of Gallipoli known as Lone Pine. It has been widely planted in parks and cemeteries as a shade tree in Victoria and South Australia. It was a common tree in Victorian nursery catalogues in the mid to late 19th century. It is drought-hardy and grows well on limestone soils. It has become naturalised in Queensland, Victoria and South Australia. It is also a weed in the Cape region of South Africa and on both the north and south islands of New Zealand.