Cotoneaster

Latin Name: Cotoneaster glaucophyllus

Fruiting branches. Image by nautical2k

Fruiting branches. Image by nautical2k

Origin: Native of China

Family: Malaceae (often included in Rosaceae).

Known Hazards: None known.

Habitat: Scrub, hedgerows and rocky places in calcareous soils. Mixed forests and thickets in mountain regions.

Edibility Rating: 0 (1-5)

Medicinal Rating: 0 (1-5)

Physical Characteristics: Evergreen shrub to 4 m high. Leaves elliptic to ovate 1.5–4 cm wide; leaf stalk 0.7–1.2 cm long. False fleshy fruit (pome) 6–10 mm long, almost globe-shaped. Seeds yellowish, flattened.
Flowers: In white clusters. Each flower about 8 mm wide, 5-petalled. Flower stalk densely hairy. Flowers spring and summer.The flowers are hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies, midges. It is noted for attracting wildlife.

Distinguishing features: Distinguished by leaves 3–8 cm long with upper surface hairless and lower surface covered with dense intertwined hairs (woolly) when young but becoming hairless with age. Pome ripening red with 2 seeds.

 

Flowers image by Fabian

Flowers image by Fabian

Dispersal: Spread by birds. Also by fruit washed along watercourses.

Edible Uses

None known

Cotoneaster

Medicinal Uses

None known

Other Uses

Dye; Hedge. Can be grown as a windbreak hedge, succeeding in all but the most exposed positions. Tolerates trimming. It is fairly fast growing, making about 45cm a year. (This report is possibly referring to C. serotinus. Hutch. [synonym C. glaucophyllus serotina]. A rose-tan dye is obtained from the fruit.

Notes: Common ornamental. Widely naturalised on the fringes of urban bushland and roadsides near plantings. At least nine species of Cotoneaster have naturalised in Australia.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *